COVID-19 is a new viral disease that humanity faces in the 21st century. Most patients have symptoms such as cough, high temperature, and shortness of breath. The disease resembles a common cold or flu. However, in some cases, typical SARS symptoms develop into severe pneumonia of both lungs. In a word, pneumonia caused by COVID-19 is a dangerous disease that can be fatal.
In early summer, after prolonged quarantine, the number of new cases over time has begun to decline. However, after weakening measures, the data are showing an increase in the number of infections. Experts expect the beginning of the second wave of infection with a coronavirus infection in the fall.
To be ready for a new stage, we need to understand what wave we are actually in and what is the possibility of a second wave of incidence. And it’s also important to know what danger we are going to face this time.
Should We Expect the Second Wave of the Coronavirus?
A “wave” refers to a peak preceded by an increase in cases of infected patients and a further decrease in their number. Something similar already happened about 100 years ago during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic. At that time, the number of new daily infections and speed of flu spread was lower in the second wave than during the first one. But the second stage of the incidence was more dangerous. The virus mutated, and the number of deaths increased.
However, experts believe that it is not worth comparing these pandemics since, despite the respiratory origin of the diseases, they are different. This is good and bad at the same time.
The good news is, in 1918, the disease was caused by a flu virus. It mutates easily and quickly. As for the coronavirus, it belongs to a different group of viruses that are more resistant and stable. This means that during the second wave, it will not change into a more deadly variant.
The bad news is that the coronavirus has no seasonality, unlike the flu. Scientists explain the reduction of the number of new cases of COVID-19 in the world by quarantine measures and the fact that people communicate more outside in summer.
Therefore, the 1918 and 2020 pandemic patterns may be very different. The number of new cases over time may be due to other reasons like:
- the dense population of the majority of the cities;
- high mobility of the modern population: people move faster than a century ago;
- a high degree of infectiousness of the coronavirus.
Why is New Lung Inflammation Dangerous?
Pneumonia means lung inflammation. They are filled with liquid and pus that cause breathing difficulties. People begin to cough, feel severe pain in the chest, and have a high temperature. As a rule, pneumonia develops as a complication of influenza or SARS. Another reason for lung infection development can also be various bacteria and fungi. In these cases, it is possible to cure it with antibiotics.
Coronavirus can be followed by pneumonia as a dangerous complication. Its symptoms are often no different from other types of pneumonia. However, COVID-19 affects both lungs at once. Patients are more likely to be in critical condition and unable to breathe on their own. Another danger is that during the second wave, pneumonia can develop without symptoms until the last moment. Moreover, patients experience:
- loss of taste;
- dissolving the stomach;
- tiredness and dizziness.
Over 15% of new cases over time are severe. Patients require mechanical ventilation lungs. About 5% of patients have concomitant diseases that complicate treatment and increase the risk of death.
Pneumonia caused by the coronavirus can lead to acute respiratory syndrome, which causes breathing problems. The new illness affects all the tissues of the lungs – the air sacs that send oxygen to the blood. The infection damages and clogs tissue so that the person cannot breathe on their own. The risk of infection is relevant for everyone, but the following categories are at the greatest risk:
- patients over 65;
- pregnant women;
- people suffering from chronic conditions of chronic conditions.
Also, COVID-19 is dangerous for people with weakened immunity: patients with cancer, AIDS, and after organ transplantation.
To avoid infection, especially if you are in the risk group, follow the recommendations of your doctors:
- Avoid contact, do not shake hands;
- Wash your hands after visiting public places or use antiseptic products. Do not rub your mouth and eyes with unwashed hands;
- Wear a mask when leaving the house;
- Do not contact sick people;
- Carry out frequent wet cleaning of the house;
- Take vitamins, get enough sleep, and avoid stress.
Doctors are developing an effective drug and vaccine against COVID-19. Do not panic, in case of symptoms of a cold, immediately contact your doctor. The sooner you get treatment, the less likely you are to develop a dangerous form of pneumonia.