COVID 19 is an acute viral disease that affects the human respiratory system. Coronavirus, also known as SARS-CoV-2, has spread almost worldwide and has infected millions of people.
There is currently no special vaccine for the virus, but extensive research and development is underway around the world. While scientists are working on elaboration a treatment for coronavirus, each of us must follow the quarantine measures and consult a doctor in time if you have COVID symptoms. Being aware and knowledgeable, we can resist the virus.
Main symptoms of coronavirus
The disease proceeds, most often, like normal flu, parainfluenza, or any other acute respiratory infection with all their characteristic symptoms.
- pain when swallowing, sneezing;
- temperature increase;
- loss of taste and smell.
- muscle pain and general weakness.
If the disease proceeds in a mild form, pneumonia does not develop and the entire pathological process is limited to mild symptoms. In such cases, the temperature may rise slightly or generally remain within the normal range.
In severe forms of the disease, the patient’s condition rapidly worsens, a very high temperature rises, an intermittent dry cough appears. Then respiratory failure develops. The patient’s condition worsens significantly if there are concomitant diseases.
How is the diagnosis of the COVID 19
Collection and assessment of complaints, medical history, epidemiological history, medical examination.
Next – as directed by the doctor:
- Specific laboratory diagnostics (detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA by PCR);
- General laboratory diagnostics (clinical blood test, biochemical blood test, etc.);
- Instrumental diagnostics.
The material for the diagnosis is:
- The main – a smear from the nose and/or oropharynx;
- Additional – bronchial lavage water, (endo) tracheal, nasopharyngeal aspirate, sputum, lung biopsy or autopsy material, whole blood, blood serum, urine.
Coronavirus treatment in humans
There are currently no drugs registered for the treatment or prevention of COVID-19.
Now all patients with the infection get treatment based on the practice of its use in other similar diseases. At the same time, experts rely on the scientific evidence available today and the experience gained during the pandemic.
Treatment of coronavirus of mild or moderate severity includes symptomatic treatment – drugs to lower the temperature, antitussives, against colds, etc.
The treatment of severe forms of coronavirus is based on drug therapy.
Pharmacotherapy of SARS-CoV-2:
- antiviral drugs;
- specific immunoglobulins;
Corticosteroids are prescribed for progressive worsening of the clinical picture.
Viral pneumonia – the main and most dangerous complication of coronavirus infection. It cannot be treated with antibiotics. In the case of pneumonia, treatment is aimed at maintaining lung function.
Advances in Medicine for the Treatment of Coronavirus
There is currently no specific vaccine or drug against COVID-19. Currently, more than 150 medicines are being studied, most of which already exist. Scientists are also exploring new treatments for coronavirus. Their effectiveness is tested in clinical trials, and here are the most famous developments in the field of coronavirus treatment:
- «Solidarity» research launched by the World Health Organization (WHO). As part of this clinical study, the most promising drugs against Covid-19 are being studied.
- Clinical study “Recovery”, which takes place in Britain and counts about 5 thousand volunteers.
- Research for antibodies that suppress coronavirus. One such study is mentioned in the scientific publication Cell.
In studies of sars coronavirus treatment, we can distinguish three main areas:
- Search for antiviral drugs that stop and neutralize virus replication.
- Development and research of drugs that are aimed at strengthening the human immune system. Also developing drugs to create immunity directly to the virus.
- The use of antibodies from the blood of the infected people or artificially created ones. Improving their performance to fight the virus.
What should I do if I find signs of coronavirus?
If you have a slight cough and a low temperature – you need to isolate yourself for at least seven days. Be sure to monitor the development of symptoms and the general condition of your body. If the situation worsens and you feel:
- Pain and tightness in the chest;
- Your breathing is confused and you have dyspnea;
- Headache, dizziness, loss of smell and taste;
- Discoloration of the skin;
- You have a fever and a persistent dry cough.
In this case, immediately seek medical help and do not rely on self-medication. If possible, call a doctor by telephone. You can also call 911, where you will be referred to a specialized institution.